The rapid developments in the various scientific fields comprising the discipline of civil engineering during the last decades require the establishment of new programs of study for the specialized training of civil engineers following their first diploma-degree. (Notice: The diploma-degree in Greek Universities requires five years of study plus a thesis during the final semester and as such is more closely related to a general Masters-level Civil Engineering degree than to the usual Bachelor.)
One such field, which has a high priority in Greece because of continuous seismic activity across the entire country, is earthquake engineering with emphasis in earthquake resistant design of all types of infrastructure. This includes conventional structures such as buildings, industrial structures such as storage tanks, lifelines, bridges, roads, geotechnical construction, etc. The desired goal here is better seismic protection through new and/or improved design and construction techniques.